Branch of a foreign trader in Bulgaria

I. General provisions

In view of the tax advantages that Bulgaria provides for foreign investors, and taking into account the country’s membership in the European Union, one of the often preferred forms of commercial activity in Bulgaria by traders from other countries is the establishment of a branch of a foreign trader.

The registration of a branch of a foreign trader in Bulgaria does not lead to the creation of a new legal entity, but only to a territorially and organizationally separated part of it. The branch has its headquarters, object of activity, a person who manages it, workers, etc. However, the branch does not own separate property other than that of its principal. Continue reading “Branch of a foreign trader in Bulgaria”

Declaring an asset sold by a non-trading company

In the situation of a sale of a company asset (e.g. a car) in a reporting period during which no commercial activity has been carried out in Bulgaria by a company, the question arises whether this company can be defined as a person that has not carried out activity within the meaning of the Law on accounting and whether it should declare the amount of the sale of the asset.

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Taxation of self-insured persons

For the income acquired from his activity in Bulgaria, the self-insured person is obliged to issue a reporting document.

A self-employed person, who has acquired income from his activity and has declared to the payer of the income the circumstance that he is self-insured, owes in advance a tax on the difference between the taxable income and the legally recognized expenses for his activity, as well as the social security contributions, which he is obliged to make at his own expense for the months of the quarter during which the taxable income has been acquired.

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Insurance of self-insured persons

The obligation for insurance of self-insured persons in Bulgaria arises from the day of commencement or resumption of employment activity and continue until its interruption or termination. Upon commencement, interruption, resumption or termination of any employment activity, the self-insured person submits a declaration according to a sample.

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Exercising of labor activity and social security insuring of the owner and the manager of a limited liability company (Ltd.)

Bodies of the limited liability company (LTD.) in Bulgaria are a general meeting and a manager (managers), as the manager may not be a partner. The manager organizes and manages the activity of the company in accordance with the law and the general meeting’s decisions. The company is represented by the manager. Upon several managers each of them can act alone unless the Articles of association provides otherwise. In regard to the sole owner limited liability company (LTD.), the issues that are from the competence of the general meeting are decided by the sole owner of the company. The relations between the company and the manager are settled by a contract for assignment of the management. The contract is concluded in writing on behalf of the company through a person authorized by the general meeting of the partners or by the sole owner.

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Taxation of the income of the partners in a civil partnership

A civil partnership in Bulgaria is established by a contract for a partnership, as two or more persons agree to combine their activities to achieve a common business goal.

Most often, a civil partnership is terminated by achieving the objective of the company or with the expiration of the time for which the company has been formed. In these cases, if the company is at a profit, owes payment of a corporate tax, and the balance sheet profit is distributed among the partners.

This raises the question of accurately determining the source of income of the partners and whether it should be completed in an annual tax return.

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