Some advantages of outsourced accounting

When an individual starts a business and wants to be in the light of his activity, he must do everything possible to have accountants who handle correctly and professionally the financial and accounting issues of his/her company.

Each company has two options for keeping its accounts in order: a special department to deal with declarations, insurance, taxes and others, or hiring a company for outsourced accounting. The second option is often far more appropriate.

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Amazon FBA and taxation

Amazon FBA, or Fulfillment by Amazon, is a business model that might seem attractive. Basically, if you decide to sell a certain product through Amazon, the deal is that you send your product to Amazon for storage and distribution, properly packaged. From then on it is your job to promote your business and find new clients, while Amazon does the practical things like handling orders and sending the products. There are, of course, fees for this service, as well as fees for storage.

But you should bear in mind that going into this line of business may bring some purely bureaucratic setback to you.  There are Amazon’s strict rules to consider, there are sales tax and VAT regulations in different EU and non-EU countries, and there is personal responsibility for faulty or dangerous products.

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Transport license in EU

Community license for international road haulage

Registration of transport company

How to get transport license in Bulgaria?

It is necessary to have a registered company (regardless of the legal form – LTD., JSC., etc.) and its scope of activity is specified for the carriage of goods against payment. Registration of company which carries out transport activity has its own peculiarities, therefore you can count on our qualified legal assistance in registration of transport company.

What documents are needed for Community license for international road haulage?

There are specific requirements for the head of the company’s activity:

Certificate of conviction of the person who manages the transport activity – should not be convicted or deprived of the right to exercise transport activity;

Certificate of professional competence, issued to the person who manages the transport activity – cannot manage more than two transport companies ;

Contract for the appointment of the person who manages the transport activity;

Regarding the company itself must be submitted:

Information for financial stability – it depends on how many vehicles will operate; For the first vehicle the company must have the equivalent in BGN of 9000 EUR and for each additional – the equivalent in BGN of 5000 EUR. Proof of financial stability can be achieved by deposition of the amount in the company’s capital, bank guarantee in Bulgarian bank or conclusion of insurance contract for a insured sum in the same amount.

Notification to the National Revenue Agency;

Declaration that the trader who applies for a license does not have an open procedure of bankruptcy;

Declaration of existence of own or leased garage area with exactly specified address in Bulgaria;

The license shall be issued within 30 days of submission of the documents.

The transport license is not unlimited, it is issued for a period of 5 years. Renewal is possible before the expiry date.

The transport company must comply with the requirements of the law not only when applying for a license but also during the entire period while exercising transportation. Companies which perform carriage of goods without required license shall be subject to large fines.

The requirements for obtaining a license should be carefully observed, therefore Global Consult Europe advises you to contact our team of professionals.

Certifications and legalizations

If you plan to start a business in Bulgaria by company registration or commercial representation of your foreign business, it may be necessary to provide documents from abroad, subject to certification and legalization. This text will help you understand what is apostille, when and for which countries it is mandatory to be used and where it is issued.

For a document issued by a foreign state to be recognized by Bulgarian institutions, it shall be arranged in a way which depends on whether the respective state is a party to the Hague Convention, whether between the two states there is a Legal Aid Agreement that is still in force or whether this state does not fall in any of the first two groups.

Requirement for apostille

All documents issued in a foreign state which is party to the Hague Convention shall have an apostille from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

List of the parties to the Hague Convention – CHECK HERE.

List of institutions issuing apostille in different countries – with addresses and contact details.

Example of apostille

Apostille

(Convention de La Haye du 5 octobre 1961)

1. Country: ………………………………………….

This public document

2. has been signed by ……………………………

3. acting in the capacity of …………………….

4. bears the seal/stamp of …………………….

Certified

5. at …………………….  6. the …………………….

7. by ………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………….8. No. …………………….

9. Seal/stamp:         10. Signature:

…………………….          …………………….

Translation in Bulgarian

Documents with apostille need to be translated in Bulgarian in one of the two ways below:

1/ by a consular or diplomatic official in the country where the document is issued;

2/ by a translation agency authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Certification of the translation

The translation of the document shall be certified in Bulgaria.

STATES WITH WICH THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA HAS BILATERAL LEGAL AGREEMENTS

For states with which the Republic of Bulgaria has bilateral legal aid agreements with provisions for exempting the documents from legalization with apostille, documents issued by the foreign state must bear the stamp of the respective authorized institution as per the bilateral agreement. The thus issued document is recognized by the Bulgarian institutions and it only needs its Bulgarian translation which shall be certified.

List of the states with which the Republic of Bulgaria has bilateral legal agreements – CHECK HERE.

FOR ALL OTHER STATES

In case the documents have no or cannot have any apostille, in order to trigger actions on the territory of Bulgaria, they need to be certified (legalized) in line with the generally accepted practice:

  • The document is required to be certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the state that issues it;
  • The stamp of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the foreign state shall be certified/ legalized by the Bulgarian diplomatic or consular mission in that state.

Source: mfa.bg

Global Consult Europe will advise you on any questions and assist you for the legalization of documents in Bulgaria – just contact us.

Acquiring BG citizenship by investment

 I. Under Art. 12 of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Before no less than 5 years has been given permit for permanent or long-term residence in Bulgaria;
  3. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;
  4. Has an income or occupation that enables him to live in Bulgaria;
  5. Is skillful at Bulgarian language;

Permit for long-term residence – requirements (LFRB art. 24, para 1, items 19, 20):

  • Visa D;
  • Investment of no less than 600 000 BGN or  investment in economically disadvantaged regions of no less than 250 000 BGN plus opened at least 5 workplaces for Bulgarian citizens;

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 16, 17):

  • Investment of no less than 500 000 BGN plus opened at least 10 workplaces for Bulgarian citizens;

Or

  • Acquired permit for long-term residence and keeping the investment over 5 years;

II. Under Art. 12a of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6, 7, 8, 13):

  • Investment of over 1 million BGN or  increase of the investment with this amount through the acquisition of:
  1. shares in Bulgarian commercial companies, traded on a regulated Bulgarian market;
  2. shares and treasury bonds and derivative instruments issued by the State or by municipalities, with a residual maturity not less than 6 months;
  3. ownership rights over an isolated part of the property of a Bulgarian commercial company with more than 50 percent state or municipal participation in the capital under the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  4. shares or stocks owned by the state or municipalities in a Bulgarian commercial company in compliance with the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  5. Bulgarian intellectual property – objects of copyright and related to it rights, patent-protected inventions, utility models, trademarks, service marks and industrial design;
  6. rights under concession contracts on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria;

or

  • Deposit of 1 million BGN in a licensed credit institution in Bulgaria under fiduciary management for a period not less than five years;

or

  • Investment in the capital of Bulgarian company which shares are not traded on a regulated market of no less than 6 million BGN;

or

  • Performing activities and certification under the Investment Promotion Act – implementing and/or maintaining an investment which has received a certificate for class А, class B, or priority investment project;

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Before no less than 5 years has been given permit for permanent or long-term residence in Bulgaria;
  3. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;
  4. Has an income or occupation that enables him to live in Bulgaria;

 III. Under Art. 14a of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;

A) Before no less than 1 year has been given permit for permanent residence in Bulgaria under LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6 or 7 and has increased the investment under the same conditions to 2 million BGN or  has invested in the capital of Bulgarian company no less than 1 million BGN for implemented priority investment project;

or

B) Before no less than 1 year has been given permit for permanent residence in Bulgaria for performing activities and certification under the Investment Promotion Act – implementing and/or maintaining an investment which has received a certificate for class А, class B, or priority investment project. During this year the investments performed and put into exploitation are maintained above the minimum score for certificate for class А;

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6, 7):

  • Investment of over 1 million BGN or  increase of the investment with this amount through the acquisition of:
  1. a) shares in Bulgarian commercial companies, traded on a regulated Bulgarian market;
  2. b) shares and treasury bonds and derivative instruments issued by the State or by municipalities, with a residual maturity not less than 6 months;
  3. c) ownership rights over an isolated part of the property of a Bulgarian commercial company with more than 50 percent state or municipal participation in the capital under the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  4. d) shares or stocks owned by the state or municipalities in a Bulgarian commercial company in compliance with the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  5. e) Bulgarian intellectual property – objects of copyright and related to it rights, patent-protected inventions, utility models, trademarks, service marks and industrial design;
  6. f) rights under concession contracts on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria;

or

  • Deposit of 1 million BGN in a licensed credit institution in Bulgaria under fiduciary management for a period not less than five years;

If you have any questions regarding the acquiring of Bulgarian citizenship, do not hesitate to contact us.

What you should know about business name reservation in the commercial register?

  Business name (known as a firm) is the name under which the trader carries his occupation and shall be signed. It must correspond to the truth, not be misleading and does not undermine public order and morality. Every firm has content prescribed by the law which may include indication of the sphere of activity, the persons involved and freely chosen supplement. The trader is obliged to write firm’s name in Bulgarian, as he could additionally inscribe it in a foreign language.

  The trader has an exclusive right over the firm. It can only be used by the trader who has made the registration. It can’t be identical or similar to a trade mark or earlier registered company. The firm can be changed upon request of the trader who has made the registration.

  Firm’s name reservation shall have effect for six months and prevents another trader to be entered in the commercial register under the same firm. The reserved firm cannot be estranged and transferred.

  Everyone can reserve a firm before submitting the application for registration but the trader must be entered in the commercial register within six months.

  Required documents :

  • Application for firm’s reservation;
  • A document certifying the representative authority of the applicant (when the application is submitted by a representative of the person concerned);
  • A document for paid state fee;

  You can check whether the chosen name is unique and does not repeat another already registered on the website of the Commercial Register – www.brra.bg. Using the English version, you should select section “References”, then “Rights over company”. In the field “Business name” you are typing the name of the company you wish to register. If an inscription in red “No results found” appears, this means that probably the name is available and can be used.

  To be completely sure that the name is free, you need to check also Bulstat Register – http://bulstat.registryagency.bg/. Since the access to it is limited and requires payment, Global Consult Europe can perform this check for you.